The Anatomy of Teeth Alignment

A Perfectly-Aligned Teeth

A Perfectly-Aligned TeethBraces, invisible or not, and other orthodontic treatments share a purpose: move teeth back where they should be. Unfortunately for many people, teeth can grow in alternate directions. While the impact usually on looks, jagged teeth can lead to more serious problems, in particular with the jaw.

In London, Invisalign treatment and other modern tooth alignment procedures have become popular. They’ve been benefiting people who want to improve their smiles. But how exactly does teeth alignment work?

How Teeth Grow

In a span of six years, 20 milk or primary teeth are replaced by 32 permanent teeth, usually occurring from ages 6 to 12, in a precision exercise of synchronisation. As the jaw elongates, the new permanent teeth fill the gaps. The result is a tight fitting row of teeth.

But that’s not always the case.

Occurrence of Misaligned Teeth

Malocclusions, or dental misalignment, has had a fascinating history in dental practice. In the mid-1940s, dental professionals attributed malocclusions in children to the mixing of races. Of course, eventually, they proved that interracial marriages had very little bearing.

Nutrition is now a leading theory. The development of the jaw and the teeth at a young age relies mainly on a child’s nutrition. When the child has a short supply of the necessary nutrients in his/her body, malocclusions may occur. Thumb sucking, the use of pacifiers and other bad oral habits in children, may also have big consequences in adulthood.

Slow Repair

Once permanent teeth start sprouting, any malformation caused by bad habits will lead to problematic growth. Here’s where braces and other alignment methods come in. They repair damage by providing a constant force on the tooth, redirecting it to its proper position. For invisible trays like Invisalign, the plastic fittings provide the same directional force on the teeth.

Unlike milk teeth, permanent teeth are tougher with deeper-reaching roots. They are set in their position, making them resistant to movement. That’s why moving them takes at least a few months of constant force.

Many orthodontic treatments have been proven to work. They fix misaligned teeth to varying degrees. They do fix smiles, but braces and aligners solve bigger issues, too. Overbites and underbites have serious consequences. With straightened teeth, people are less susceptible to jaw problems, headaches and other dilemmas directly caused my malocclusion.